The Lord’s servant ceases from care, and expects prosperity from the Lord 

Whether written for, or by Solomon, does not alter the instruction and comfort of the song. Whether it speaks of Solomon’s house, or ours, or the house of God, in no way alters its teaching. The main emphases are dependence on God, and the blessings of children. They are God’s heritage and our reward. This is a general promise to those who fear God, but also shows that children are the heritage for the Lord, as well as from Him. The building of a family or a church proceeds only by His favour. He withholds or gives according to His design and purpose. In the New Testament our Lord displays his love and concern for children, and accounts them as His, for they were covenant children that were brought to Him. 

So it is with spiritual children, they are His heritage and reward for doing the will of God. The barren woman, which in Scripture signifies the church, can, under His blessings, flourish and bring forth.

Psalm 127

 1  Except the Lord do build the house,
       the builders lose their pain:
    Except the Lord the city keep,
       the watchmen watch in vain.

 2  'Tis vain for you to rise betimes,
       or late from rest to keep,
    To feed on sorrows' bread; so gives
       he his beloved sleep.

 3  Lo, children are God's heritage,
       the womb's fruit his reward.
 4  The sons of youth as arrows are,
       for strong men's hands prepared.

 5  O happy is the man that hath
       his quiver filled with those;
    They unashamed in the gate
       shall speak unto their foes.

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St Andrew